Created: 2021-10-26 16:28:09 Platform: Evernote Evernote Logo Attribution:User:ZyMOS, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons
Title The Trojan War: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
Note: The Trojan War: Chronological, Historical and Archaeological Evidence
URLs in Note:
DOIs in Note:
Title Trojan War revised2
of its existence they remained extremely sceptical regarding its mythological origin. Archaeology has confirmed one essential point: there was indeed a general conflagration in the Greek world around 1200 BCE, the assumed period of that war, which caused the disappearance of two powerful empires: Mycenaean on one hand and Hittite with its vassals on the other hand. The inscriptions of Ramses III's year 8 describe actually a general invasion of the Mediterranean by the "Sea Peoples", but without giving any reason. A precise chronological reconstruction, based on a few absolute dates, shows that the annexation of the kingdom of Cyprus (AlaĊĦia), closely linked to the Mycenaean world, by Hittite King Tudhaliya IV played a role of detonator in the confrontation between a Greek heterogeneous confederation, consisting of pirates and privateers on one side and a set of vassal kingdoms of the Hittite empire, such as Troy and Ugarit, on the other. This struggle to control a vital sea path, from Crete to Egypt, via Cyprus, which ended with a complete mutual destruction in 1185 BCE, the climax of the famous Trojan War, had begun 10 years earlier. Surprisingly, this conclusion was already that of Eratosthenes (276-193). Historical and epigraphic context shows that Homer wrote his epic shortly after Queen Elissa founded Carthage (c. 870 BCE).
    DOIs in Attachment
URLs and Resources in Attachments